ST. JORGE CASTLE
The fortification, built by the Moors in the mid-11th century, was the last defensive stronghold for the elite who resided on the citadel. Dom Afonso Henriques, the first king of Portugal, conquered Lisbon on October 25th, 1147,(after a siege of 12 weeks and with the aid of the Crusaders from Germany, Flandres and England).
The S. Jorge Castle began its golden age as home for the royalty. The old Moorish period buildings were modified and enlarged to receive the king, his court and the bishop, as well as the Royal Archives in one of the castle towers.
Once the Portuguese kings had transformed the Castelo de S. Jorge into a royal palace in the 13th century, it was chosen to receive many notable Portuguese and foreign figures, as well as hold festivities as well as coronations during the 14th, 15th and 16th centuries.